hemp seeds

Nutritional benefits of hemp seeds Leave a comment

Nutritional benefits of hemp seeds

Hemp has been a major source of food, fiber, and medicine for thousands of years in the Old World. The oldest existing documents describing the use of hemp seeds as food and as medicine are from China. There is good evidence that hemp began to be used as a source of fiber and as a medicine throughout the Mediterranean Basin, from Levante (Egypt) to Poniente (Morocco), several centuries before Christ (AC).

In the mid-20th century, Cannabis (including hemp) was subjected to a strict international control system, as it was included among the narcotic substances contemplated in the United Nations Single Convention of 1961, the cornerstone of the prohibitionist regime still in force today. As a consequence of the above, the cultivation of Cannabis became virtually prohibited, with the exception of cultivation for scientific purposes and the cultivation of certain varieties with a low concentration of the narcotic active ingredient, the use of which may be allowed for strictly industrial purposes, such as fiber and seed production. Industrial hemp varieties in Europe have levels below 0.2% THC (Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol). Buy hemp online.

Hemp seeds as a highly nutritious food source

Hemp seeds and their derivatives (such as oil, flour, etc.) due to their nutritional properties, their content of fatty acids, vitamins, proteins, and minerals, it is recommended to consider them as fundamental to the human diet .

These Hemp seeds have a characteristic nutty flavor and are, in fact, presently incorporated into several food preparations equivalent to bread, cakes, cookies, vegetable milk, ice cream, etc.

About 50% of the global hemp oil market is concentrated in the food and nutritional supplement industries. The other half of world trade is devoted to cosmetic applications (soaps, shampoos, creams …) and other industrial uses (biodiesel, varnish …).

Chemical composition

Essential fatty acids (EFAs) are well represented in hemp seed oil. Inleic acid “omega-6” (18: 2n-6, LA) is present approximately 55% and omega-3 alpha linolenic (18: 3n-3, ALA) is 20%. Furthermore, significant amounts of their respective metabolic products have been found, such as the presence of gamma linolenic acid (18: 3n-6, GLA) that ranges between 1-4%, and stearidonic acid (18: 4n-3, SDA) that about 0.5 to 2% is produced. Although most vegetable oils have at least some of the EFAs, it is unusual for them to contain such high amounts of both, and it is also unusual for them to be found in around a 3: 1 ratio of omega-6 / omega-3, being This relationship is recommended for human intake. Buy CBD cigarettes.

The composition of the oil that is obtained from the hemp seed makes it very interesting due to the beneficial effects it has on health.

In addition, this oil also contains tocopherols, which can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and macular degeneration due to age, in addition to possessing antioxidant activity, being its content in total phenols higher than in other vegetable oils, such as sunflower oil. or the soybean one. These tocopherols are known to be important antioxidants that have a positive effect on the oxidative stability of oils. The dominant tocopherol in hemp seeds is γ-tocopherol, followed by α-, β- and δ-tocopherol, the same composition in tocopherols can be found in oil.

Chemical composition-2

On the other hand, this oil is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and contains low concentrations of saturated fatty acids. The latter is what makes it really interesting from a nutritional point of view, since today the diet is increasingly rich in saturated fatty acids and attempts are being made to reduce its intake, due to its relationship with the increase in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol and, therefore, with the risk of coronary heart disease. Buy Hemp cigarettes.

It should be mentioned that both hemp seeds and oils are gluten-free.

Hemp seed meal is an excellent source of easily digestible protein. Figure 2 compares the amino acid profile of the total protein in hemp, soybean, and egg seeds. Protein concentrations vary between whole hemp seed (25%), husked hemp seeds (45%), soybeans (32%), and egg (11%). Figure 1 illustrates the individual amino acid values ​​per 100g of protein to provide a direct comparison between these products.

Recent interest in hemp protein has increased due to its exceptional content of sulfur-containing amino acids, that is, methionine and cysteine ​​and its surprisingly high amount of arginine. This makes it an ideal nutritional supplement for protein diets, to increase muscle mass.

Importance of fatty acids in health

The high concentration of PUFAs makes it an oil of special importance in human nutrition. Thus, for example, the relationship between omega-3 fatty acids and the decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, the proliferation of different types of cancer and its beneficial effect in the treatment of inflammatory diseases (such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis or Crohn’s disease).

The presence of GLA serves as an intermediary for the synthesis of long-chain PUFAs, eicosanoids, and endocannabinoids, which play a very important role in vital processes that go from the control of inflammation and muscle tone to the initiation of contractions during Birth. Buy Cannabis Online.

In hemp seed oil this ratio is 3: 1, having an adequate concentration of omega-3. The nutrition societies of Germany, Austria and Switzerland recommend a ratio of 4: 1 to 5: 1, but taking into account that in diets in Western Europe the current ratio is around 10: 1 (due to the constant increase in the intake of omega-6 fatty acids (especially due to its inclusion in processed food products), the use of hemp seed oil is close to the recommended level. This is of great importance since high ratios of omega-6 to omega-3 promote the pathogenesis of many diseases, including cardiovascular, autoimmune, and cancer, while decreasing this ratio (omega-6 / omega-3), is Say by increasing omega-3s, you get the beneficial health effects.

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